The Tomorrow Network is undertaking a piece of research on behalf of the
Countryside Recreation Network (CRN) to explore volunteering within the natural
outdoors throughout the UK and Ireland. The Institute for Volunteering Research
(IVR) was asked by CRN to complete a literature review as part of this project.
The review drew predominantly on literature referring to the UK and Ireland, but
also considered international sources.
The aims of the literature review were:
1. To explore current policies and agendas affecting volunteering within the
natural outdoors, and also throughout wider forms of volunteering.
2. To investigate the characteristics and levels of volunteering within the
sector, including key challenges and issues.
3. To explore current and future trends in volunteering within the sector,
including those trends affecting wider forms of volunteering.